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Academic Report: The Physical Basis of the Three Industrial Revolutions




Lecture: The Physical Basis of the Three Industrial Revolutions

Speaker: Dr. Cao Zexian

Venue: Room 108, Teaching Building No.1, West Campus  

Date:  Wednesday, September 26, 2018  

Time:  18:00  

Lecture Content:

Human society has experienced three industrial revolutions: the first industrial revolution characterized by the use of heat engines, the second industrial revolution by power use, and the third industrial revolution by semiconductor use. The foundations of these three industrial revolutions are thermodynamics, electro-magnetics (Maxwell’s theory) and quantum mechanics. Only from the perspective of physics can we grasp the whole picture of these industrial revolutions. This report begins with the basic principles of thermodynamics, electromagnetism and quantum mechanics, and argues the origin and development of the human industrial revolution. It tries to show a principle, a set of equations, a new world of industrial revolution development, and states that science is the source of human strength.

Speaker Introduction

Cao Zexian, born in 1966; graduated from the Physics Department of the University of Science and Technology of China in 1987, received his Ph.D. in Physics from Kaiserslautern University in Germany in 1997, and joined the Institute of Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1998. He was selected to the “Hundred Talent Program” of Academy of Science and Technology and served as the chief scientist of the “973 project”. He has published more than 100 research papers in international journals such as Science, APL, PNAS, PRL, Adv Mat, Nature, and other nearly 200 papers on Chinese physics and materials science as well as some translation works Language in Physics (four volumes), Fantasy, Thin Film Growth, The Power of Thought, Quantum Mechanics Juvenile Edition, Relativity Juvenile Edition and other monographs. He is currently a researcher at the Institute of Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a columnist for the journal Physics, a editorial board member of Phys. Status Solidi, and a lecturer at the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Tsinghua University.  

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